Fayoum, Magical Lakes and Whales
Fayoum is known for its agriculture although it only represents 24% of the area of its land. Agriculture remains one of the most important activities for the Fayoum, the soil is textured although parts of it have become saline. Most farms are operated by smaller farmers, owning very small pieces of land. It is established on a 3 year rotation system. The main crops are Alfa Alfa (berseem), wheat, cotton, broad beans, tomatoes, melons and rice.
Fayoum is a depression and is also land to some of the most important archeological and prehistoric sites for Egypt. Home to the pyramids such as Hawara.
Fayoum is also associated with two national parks, Wadi El Rayan and Wadi El Hitan which is a world heritage site. Wadi El Hitan is home to one of the most important changes in evolution, showing their transition from land animals to marine dwellers. Some of the most prominent fossil records are of some ancient whale species, such as Basilosaurus Isis (King lizard) and the smaller Durodon. Fayoum geological history spans 60 million years. The area was originally part of the great Tethys sea, until the water retreated and left behind a large array of fossils. Some of the other fossils found include Egyptopithicus zicus, a primate. 14,000 years ago began agriculture in this part of Egypt. Bahr Youssef was actually built during Senuserts time, remains of the canal are still used today to bring water from the Nile River to Fayoum.
Discover the antiquity of Fayoum through its ancient whales and agricultural tradition. Reconnect with nature using with your senses using pottery and art.